According to the dictionary definition, Civics is “the study of the rights and duties of citizenship” http://www.bing.com/search?q=dictionary+definition+of+Civics
We will begin Civics class with a pretest which will cover the map of the United States. It is important to know the location of different states throughout our country as we study local, state and federal government. It is also important to know the location of states as citizens of the United States.
We will also be studying current events which will require our knowledge of the states.Our class will review the location of the seven continents and four oceans of our world to help us better understand world events as well.There are a number of good web sites which allow you to not only study the map of United States, but also to print the map.
In the school year 2017-2018, we will be discussing a number of topics. As Civics is associated with our life in the United States as well as our place in a global society, we will study and research differing topics which are important during our changing times. We will incorporate new topics as we go through the year, and of course the presidential election.
Civics (10 points), Mr. Wade, Course Description
In the school year 2017-2018, we will be discussing a number of topics. As Civics is associated with our life in the United States as well as our place in a global society, we will study and research differing topics which are important during our changing times. We will incorporate new topics and possibly eliminate topics as we go through the year. Below are the main points we will be covering.
Principles of government:
-government and “The State”
-Forms of Government
-Basic Concepts of Democracy
– 14th amendment.
-How does one become a citizen?
-How does one lose citizenship, is it possible?
The Electoral College (Optional, depending on student interest with last year’s presidential election)
-What is the electoral college?
-How does a candidate get “electoral votes.”?
-Flaws of the electoral college.
-Supporters of the electoral college
Origins of American Government:
-Our Political Beginnings
-the Coming of Independence
-the Critical Period
-Creating the Constitution
-Ratifying the Constitution
Voters and Voter Behavior:
–the Right to Vote
The Electoral Process:
-the nominating process
-elections (presidential election, November 2016, what happened?)
Three Levels of Government-Local, State, Federal
Legislative Branch of each level:
-the House of Representatives
Executive Branch of each level:
-President’s job description
Judicial Branch of each level:
-three levels of courts
–written homework most nights, reading other nights, 35% of grade (see handout for specifics)
-quizzes and tests as needed, 35% of grade
-research paper and oral presentation due second marking period
-book reports, first and second marking periods (Optional), weekly Wednesday Journal writing (Not optional)
– in-class group projects and classwork, part of homework grade, will be noted in power school
-class participation, 30% of grade (see handout for specifics)
-text: American government
-periodicals including the Internet (chrome books and teachers laptop)
-class trips (Hopefully, depending on expense)
American Government text, Chapter I Section 1: Government and the State
Introduction: This lesson focuses on the goals of the Federal Government
Activities- Student Participation And Objectives 1. Students name three basic kinds of power that a government exercises; 2. discuss the difference between a government and a state; 3. list the main purposes of the American system of government.
- Government and the state
- government – The institution through which a society makes and enforces it’s public policies.
- Public policies – All of the things a gov. decides to do, i.e. taxation, defense, education, crime control, environment, etc. p. 4
- Must have power! – ability to achieve a desired end – must be able to prevent or command/demand action;
- Three basic types of power, set by the Constitution (body of fundamental laws setting up principles, structures, and processes of a gov;
- legislative – power to make law and public policy
- executive – power to enforce and administer law
- judicial – power to determine meaning of laws and settle disputes/arguments within society
- You will define dictatorship:
- List important facts from remaining 5 paragraphs on p. 5
- The state – Body of people living in defined territory, organized politically with the power to make and enforce law.
- Population – must have people!
- Territory – must have land!
- Sovereignty – supreme and absolute power within it’s own territory; responsible for itself, not a colony;
- Gov. – already defined – see p. 6 & 7 and outline I. A
- Origins of the state – From where did the idea of “state” come? 4 main theories.
- The Force Theory –
- The Evolutionary Theory
- The Divine Right Theory –
- The Social Contract –
- Purpose of gov. –
- Form a more perfect union
- Establish justice
- Insure domestic tranquility –
- Provide for the common defense –
- Promote general Welfare –
- Secure the liberty
Review: public policies, 3 kinds of power, dictatorship, democracy, the state, territory, sovereign, government, theories, 6 purposes of gov.
Important News Stories
- Saudi Arabia allows women to drive
- Puerto Rico needs massive assistance
- Trump draws red line on taxes
- No vote on repeal of ACA
- NFL players kneel, sit down and link arms during national anthem
- Identify the questions surrounding American citizenship.
- Describe how people become American citizens by birth and by naturalization.
- Explain how an American can lose his or her citizenship.
- Compare and contrast the status of undocumented aliens and legal immigrants.
“Turn and Talk”, students will discuss whether they have belonged to a club or team that let anyone join and examine how the United States let almost all immigrants into the country for more than 100 years
This lesson focuses on how American citizenship and naturalization is determined as well as the history and problems of immigration
The 14th Amendment -Students define
- 1868 Civil War is over, 14th amendment passed (
- A person can become an American citizen either by birth, or by naturalization
- 90% of Americans are citizens because they were born in the USA, another several million are citizens because:
- Jus soli-the law of the soil; where one is born.
Congress has defined the United States to include, for purposes of citizenship, the 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, and the Northern Mariana and the Islands. It also includes American embassies and American public vessels abroad. (Use Internet to research)
- Jus sanguinis- law of the blood, to whom one is born-a child born abroad can become an American citizen at birth if he or she is born to a parent who is a US citizen and has lived in the USA at some time.
Aliens-citizens or nationals from a foreign country who live
in the United States
- Naturalization-people may become citizens at some time after birth through this legal process
- Be at least 18 years old
- Have entered the country legally lived in the United States for at least five years, certain states for at least three months
- File a petition for naturalization through federal court
- Be literate in the English language
- Be of “good moral character”, attached to the principles of the Constitution, and “well disposed to the good order and happiness of the United States”
- Have a “knowledge and an understanding of the fundamentals of the history, and the principles and form of government, of the United States”
- Take an oath or affirmation
- Expatriation -Americans can choose to give up or voluntarily abandon their citizenship (
- Denaturalization – Naturalized citizens who gained citizenship through fraud or deception may lose it through court ordered process
- Deportation -a legal process in which aliens are required to leave the United States Chapter I Section 2
Introduction – The lesson focuses on the different types of governments.
- Forms of gov. – Like people, no 2 govs are exactly alike, why?
- who can participate in the process – number of persons who take part in the process
- democracy – People hold supreme political authority and the gov. is run only by and with the agreement of the people; p. 12;
- direct democracy (pure democracy) – the will of the people becomes law; straight from the people;;
- representative democracy – a small grp are chosen by the people to carry out the will of the people (kept in check by elections and attentive citizens);
- dictatorship – those who rule Are NOT responsible to the will of the people
- autocracy – one person has unlimited political power
- oligarchy – power to rule held by small grp, of people who usually appointed themselves!; give students terms on bd: unitary, federal, confederate, presidential, parliamentary, dictatorship, democracy;
- Geographic distribution of gov. power within the state – every system of gov. has power to govern in 1 or more places geographically; 3 basic forms
- unitary -centralized–all powers held by the gov. belong to a single central agency. Usually central gov. creates local units of gov. for it’s own convenience (Central gov. could get rid of local units).
- federal – powers of gov. are divided between central gov, and several local govs. This division of power CANNOT be changed by the local or national level acting alone. (Our Constitution sets this up).
- Confederate – An alliance of independent states. The central organization with confederate only handles issues member states ASSIGN to it.
- Relationship between legislative and executive branches – govs. often classified by relationship between legislative and executive (2 forms)
- presidential – legislative and executive branches separate but equal; President and legislature chosen by the people at different times for different terms; checks and balances
- parliamentary – executive made up of prime minister or premier and the official’s cabinet which comes from the legislative branch (parliament); Legislature or parliament chooses the executive.
research-which countries have parliamentarian gov, and who are the prime ministers of each?
Review: classifying; who participates, democracy, dictatorship, geographic distribution–unitary, federal, confederate; relationship between–presidential and parliamentary;
There are 3 levels of government, A. local B. state C. federal
- Who works with the mayor in order for him to complete his job duties?
- How many members make up the Bridgeport city council and who are they?
- Research and find information about Bridgeport’s city court system (Judicial Branch)
Civics, 10th grade, Magnet
Objective: Students will be able to explain the three levels of government. 2) Students will be able to explain the executive, the judicial and legislative branch in each level of government
Anticipatory set: What is the difference between Senator Blumenthal & Senator Ed Gomes?
The three levels of government are: Local, State and Federal
The three branches of government are: Executive, Legislative and Judicial (Q to S: Which branch is the most powerful?)
Legislative: City Council
Judicial: circuit Judges
State: (using Internet go to state government web site, discuss)
Legislative: State Senators & Representatives (State Legislators)
Judicial: District Court of Appeals, Appellate Court and Connecticut Supreme Court
Federal: (using Internet go to federal government web site, discuss)
Legislative: US Senators and US Representatives (Congress)
Judicial: Supreme Court
Homework: 1. Research newspapers, Internet or other media and find articles about local level activity 2. Research newspapers, Internet or other media and find articles about state level
- Research newspapers Internet or other media and find articles about federal level of government
- Which level of government, according to what you have read, seems to have the most effect on your daily life?
Review: local, state, and federal government, three branches at each, executive = Mayor, Governor, president; legislative = City Council, legislature, Congress; judicial = City courts, state Supreme Court, federal Supreme Court
EXTRA CREDIT: research the Supreme Court and why there are 9 members. Also, research Franklin Roosevelt and the Supreme Court. Must be typed and footnoted.
**Charts showing the Local and State levels are down below under the name Adolfo. Click on the link next to his name