- We will begin Civics class with a pretest which will cover the map of the United States. It is important to know the location of different states throughout our country as we study local, state and federal government. It is also important to know the location of states as citizens of the United States. We will also be studying current events which will require our knowledge of the states.Our class will review the location of the seven continents and four oceans of our world to help us better understand world events as well.
There are a number of good web sites which allow you to not only study the map of United States, but also to print the map.
Below is the basic vocabulary students should know for the first marking period in civics. The text will provide most of the notes given below , it is Magruders, American government , 2001-2003
Civics Vocabulary, Marking Period 1
civics- the study of the purpose of government and the responsibilities and duties of citizens. In this class, students learn about different types of government, how they function and how it organizes and enforce laws on its society.
government- “the institution through which a society makes and enforces it public policies.” There are many different types of governments. There are dictatorships, were on person or a small group have all the power of the society, and there are also democracy, were the power is in the hands of the people.
freedoms- the citizens’ entitlement to do chose how to live their own lives. Citizens of the United States of America have as much freedom until it effects someone else’s. An example of a freedom is freedom of religion, were a person can choose whatever religion to practice.
liberty- the power or right to act, believe, and express of a person without commands or demands from another.
bill of rights- the first ten amendments of the United States Constitution that guarantees freedoms and rights of all citizens. For example, it states that all people have freedom of speech, which allows citizens the right to say, write, and publish whatever they want.
law- a rule that applies to every citizen of a country, which is made by the legislative branch, enforced by the executive branch, and defined by the judicial branch of the government.
society- made up five basic institution: government, economy, religion, education, and family, organizes a group of people by a common : culture, living environment, or interest.
jury- a group of citizens that hear evidence and make a verdict based on the allegation on a court case.
diversity- a society has different ethnicities and races in its population of people.
citizenship- a relationship between a country and a person that pledges loyalty to a country and fulfills his or her duties and are entitled to rights. The person can be born in the country or naturalized through a process.
draft- having one or more people compulsory enrolled or enlist in the military.
register- an official record of names “kept by an official appointed to do so.”
naturalized citizen- a person that was not born in the country but has become a citizen through a legal process.
taxes- citizens’ duties to pay the charge by the government on property, which is used for the community and country.
social contract- an agreement among people that establishes their rights, duties, privileges for each individual fairly. The theory states that free people give up some freedom for protection.
divine right- the ides that a person royal born was given the right to have all the power and rule by God. People believed that opposing the royal family, was opposing God, and the people would be held for treason and moral sin.
constitution- a written document that establishes the principles, structures, and processes of a government.
jury duty- citizens’ duty to serve in a legal court case as juror, which is most of the time not optional.
census- an official counting of a population that happens every ten years in the United States.
and, the governor is Dan Malloy
I. Government and the state
A. government – The institution through which a society makes and enforces it’s public policies.
1. Public policies – All of the things a gov. decides to do, i.e. taxation, defense, education, crime control, environment, etc. p. 4
2. Must have power! – ability to achieve a desired end – must be able to prevent or command/demand action;
3. Three basic types of power, set by the Constitution (body of fundamental setting up principles, structures, and processes of a gov;
a. legislative – power to make law and public policy
b. executive – power to enforce and administer law
c. judicial – power to determine meaning of laws and settle disputes/arguments within society
4. You will define dictatorship:
6. List important facts from remaining 5 paragraphs on p. 5
B. The state – Body of people living in defined territory, organized politically with the power to make and enforce law.
1. Population – must have people!
2. Territory – must have land!
3. Sovereignty – supreme and absolute power within it’s own territory; responsible for itself, not a colony;
4. Gov. – already defined – see p. 6 & 7 and outline
C. Origins of the state – From where did the idea of “state” come? 4 main theories, you will read and explain them.
- The Force Theory -
- The Evolutionary Theory
- The Divine Right Theory -
- The Social Contract -
- Purpose of gov. -
- - form a more perfect union
- Establish justice
- Insure domestic tranquility -
- Provide for the common defense -
- Promote general Welfare -
- Secure the liberty
Review: public policies, 3 kinds of power, dictatorship, democracy, the state, territory, sovereign, government, theories, 6 purposes of gov.